The Basics of Christology
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The symbol of the way embodies the aspect of process and brings out christology's alignment towards its goal. This symbol can comprehend Christ's way from his birth in the Spirit and his baptism in the Spirit to his self-surrender on Golgotha. It also makes it possible to understand the path of Christ as the way leading from his resurrection to his parousia—the way he takes in the Spirit to Israel, to the nations, and into the breadth and depth of the cosmos.
The symbol of the way makes us aware that every human christology is historically conditioned and limited.
The Way of Jesus Christ: Christology in Messianic Dimensions | Fortress Press
Every human christology is a 'christology of the way,' not yet a 'christology of the home country,' a christology of faith, not yet a christology of sight. So christology is no more than the beginning of eschatology; and eschatology, as the Christian faith understands it, is always the consummation of christology. Finally, but not least important: every way is an invitation.
A way is something to be followed. It is an ethical category too. Anyone who enters upon Christ's way will discover who Jesus really is; and anyone who really believes in Jesus and the Christ of God will follow him along the way he himself took. Christology and christopraxis find one another in the full and completed knowledge of Christ.
This christology links dogmatics and ethics in closer detail than in the previous volumes.
Release date:. The years surrounding World War I also saw the development of a new theory regarding the composition of the Gospels.
Jesus Christ, Incarnation and doctrine of Logos
It stressed the forms of the Gospel narratives—parables, sayings, miracle stories, Passion accounts, and so on—as an indication of the oral tradition in the Christian community out of which the narratives came. The studies of form criticism made a life of Jesus in the old biographical sense impossible, just as consistent eschatology had declared impossible the codification of a universal ethic from the teachings of Jesus. Influenced by those trends in New Testament study, Protestant theology by the middle of the 20th century was engaged in a reinterpretation of the Christology of the early church.
Some Protestant churches continued to repeat the formulas of ancient dogma, but even there the critical study of the New Testament documents was beginning to call those formulas into question. The struggles of the evangelical churches in Germany under Adolf Hitler caused some theologians to realize anew the power of the ancient dogma of the person of Christ to sustain faith , and some of them were inclined to treat the dogma with less severity. But even they acknowledged that the formulation of that dogma in static categories of person, essence, and nature was inadequate to the biblical emphasis upon actions and events rather than upon states of being.
Karl Barth for the Reformed tradition, Lionel Thornton for the Anglican tradition, and Karl Heim for the Lutheran tradition were instances of theologians trying to reinterpret classical Christology. While yielding nothing of their loyalty to the dogma of the church, Roman Catholic theologians like Karl Adam were also endeavouring to state that dogma in a form that was meaningful to modern men and women.
In much of Protestantism , the concentration of the 19th century upon the teachings of Jesus had made it difficult to speak of more than the prophetic office. The priestly office received least attention of all.
By the end of the 20th century, theologians such as Rita Nakashima Brock were rejecting the doctrine of the Atonement altogether. Some scholars, such as those of the Jesus Seminar e. In a curious way, therefore, the figure of Jesus Christ has become both a unitive and divisive element in Christendom. All Christians are united in their loyalty to him, even though they express their loyalty in a variety of doctrinal and liturgical ways.
But doctrine and liturgy also divide Christian communions from one another. It has not been the official statements about Christ that have differed widely among most communions. What has become a sharp point of division is the amount of historical and critical inquiry that is permitted where the person of Christ is involved.
Despite their official statements and confessions, most Protestant denominations had indicated by the second half of the 20th century that they would tolerate such inquiry, differ though they did in prescribing how far it would be permitted to go.
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- The 19th century.
On the other hand, the exclusion of modernism by the Roman Catholic Church in —10 drew definite limits beyond which the theological use of the methods of critical inquiry was heretical. Within those limits, however, Roman Catholic biblical scholars were engaging in considerable critical literary study, at the same time that critical Protestant theologians were becoming more sympathetic to traditional Christological formulas.
Load Previous Page. The debate over Christology in modern Christian thought Few Protestant theologians in the middle of the 20th century were willing to endorse the ancient dogma of the two natures in Christ as unconditionally as the reformers had done, for between the Reformation and modern theology there intervened a debate over Christology that altered the perspective of most Protestant denominations and theologians.
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It has a constituency of more than two billion believers. The earliest form of Christian mysticism was the Christ-mysticism of Paul and John. Although Christian mysticism in its traditional expression has centred on the desire for union with God, Christ-mysticism has always been present in the church.
The Eastern Church emphasized the divine Light….
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The Eastern Orthodox Church is formally committed to the Christology doctrine of Christ that was defined by the councils of the first eight centuries. Together with the Latin church of the West, it rejected Arianism a belief in the subordination of the Son to…. The exegetical task assumes a threefold shape as scholars work back from 1 interpretation of the present Gospels through 2 interpretation of the tradition lying behind them to 3 reconstruction of the…. If the accomplishment of his ministry involved his death, that was accepted in the same….
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